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Rive React

React Runtime for Rive.

A wrapper around Rive.js, providing full control over the js runtime while making it super simple to use in React applications.

Detailed runtime documentation can be found in Rive's help center.

Create and ship interactive animations to any platform

Rive is a real-time interactive design and animation tool. Use our collaborative editor to create motion graphics that respond to different states and user inputs. Then load your animations into apps, games, and websites with our lightweight open-source runtimes.

Installation

There are two main variants of the React runtime:

  1. Recommended Using Canvas2D
npm i --save @rive-app/react-canvas
  1. Using WebGL
npm i --save @rive-app/react-webgl

Read more in our web runtime docs around the differences. For most cases and smallest bundle size, we recommend using the react-canvas package.

Note: This library is using React hooks so the minimum version required for both react and react-dom is 16.8.0.

Usage

Component

Rive React provides a basic component as it's default import for displaying simple animations. Note that any animations or state machines instantiated through this component will autoplay.

import Rive from '@rive-app/react-canvas';

function Example() {
  return <Rive src="loader.riv" />;
}

export default Example;

Props

  • src: File path or URL to the .riv file to display.
  • artboard: (optional) Name to display.
  • animations: (optional) Name or list of names of animtions to play.
  • stateMachines: (optional) Name of state machine to play.
  • layout: (optional) Layout object to define how animations are displayed on the canvas. See Rive.js for more details.
  • All attributes and eventHandlers that can be passed to a canvas element can also be passed to the Rive component and used in the same manner.

Styles and Classes

When rendering out a Rive component, in the DOM, it will show as a <div> element that contains the <canvas> element that powers the Rive animations. The purpose of the <div> element is to help control the sizing of the component. By default, the container has the following styles set on the style attribute:

width: 100%;
height: 100%;

If you decide to pass in a className to the Rive component, you will override these attributes, and you will need to either set these style attributes in your CSS associated with that className, or set your own sizing preferences.

useRive Hook

For more advanced usage, the useRive hook is provided. The hook will return a component and a Rive.js Rive object which gives you control of the current rive file.

import { useRive } from '@rive-app/react-canvas';

function Example() {
  const params = {
    src: 'loader.riv',
    autoplay: false,
  };
  const { RiveComponent, rive } = useRive(params);

  return (
    <RiveComponent
      onMouseEnter={() => rive && rive.play()}
      onMouseLeave={() => rive && rive.pause()}
    />
  );
}

export default Example;

Parameters

  • riveParams: Set of parameters that are passed to the Rive.js Rive class constructor. null and undefined can be passed to conditionally display the .riv file.
  • opts: Rive React specific options.

Return Values

  • RiveComponent: A Component that can be used to display your .riv file. This component accepts the same attributes and event handlers as a canvas element.
  • rive: A Rive.js Rive object. This will return as null until the .riv file has fully loaded.
  • canvas: HTMLCanvasElement object, on which the .riv file is rendering.
  • setCanvasRef: A callback ref that can be passed to your own canvas element, if you wish to have control over the rendering of the Canvas element.
  • setContainerRef: A callback ref that can be passed to a container element that wraps the canvas element, if you which to have control over the rendering of the container element. For the vast majority of use cases, you can just the returned RiveComponent and don't need to worry about setCanvasRef and setContainerRef.

riveParams

  • src?: (optional) File path or URL to the .riv file to use. One of src or buffer must be provided.
  • buffer?: (optional) ArrayBuffer containing the raw bytes from a .riv file. One of src or buffer must be provided.
  • artboard?: (optional) Name of the artboard to use.
  • animations?: (optional) Name or list of names of animations to play.
  • stateMachines?: (optional) Name of list of names of state machines to load.
  • layout?: (optional) Layout object to define how animations are displayed on the canvas. See Rive.js for more details.
  • autoplay?: (optional) If true, the animation will automatically start playing when loaded. Defaults to false.
  • onLoad?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when the .rive file loads .
  • onLoadError?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when an error occurs loading the .riv file.
  • onPlay?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when the animation starts playing.
  • onPause?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when the animation pauses.
  • onStop?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when the animation stops playing.
  • onLoop?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when the animation completes a loop.
  • onStateChange?: (optional) Callback that get's fired when a state change occurs.

opts

  • useDevicePixelRatio: (optional) If true, the hook will scale the resolution of the animation based the devicePixelRatio. Defaults to true. NOTE: Requires the setContainerRef ref callback to be passed to a element wrapping a canvas element. If you use the RiveComponent, then this will happen automatically.
  • fitCanvasToArtboardHeight: (optional) If true, then the canvas will resize based on the height of the artboard. Defaults to false.
  • useOffscreenRenderer: (optional) If true, the Rive instance will share (or create if one does not exist) an offscreen WebGL context. This allows you to display multiple Rive animations on one screen to work around some browser limitations regarding multiple concurrent WebGL contexts. If false, each Rive instance will have its own dedicated WebGL context, and you may need to be cautious of the browser limitations just mentioned. Defaults to true.

useStateMachineInput Hook

The useStateMachineInput hook is provided to make it easier to interact with state machine inputs on a rive file.

import { useRive, useStateMachineInput } from '@rive-app/react-canvas';

function Example() {
  const STATE_MACHINE_NAME = 'button';
  const INPUT_NAME = 'onClick';

  const { RiveComponent, rive } = useRive({
    src: 'button.riv',
    stateMachines: STATE_MACHINE_NAME,
    autoplay: true,
  });

  const onClickInput = useStateMachineInput(
    rive,
    STATE_MACHINE_NAME,
    INPUT_NAME
  );

  // This example is using a state machine with a trigger input.
  return <RiveComponent onClick={() => onClickInput.fire()} />;
}

export default Example;

See our examples folder for working examples of Boolean and Number inputs.

Parameters

  • rive: A Rive object. This is returned by the useRive hook.
  • stateMachineName: Name of the state machine.
  • inputName: Name of the state machine input.
  • initialValue: Initial value to set on a state machine input when it's loaded in, for number or boolean inputs. Note that this may trigger any transitional animations between the initial state and any next states that depend on the input this initialValue is being set to. If this is problematic or conflicting for your case, we recommend setting the true initial value of the input on your state machine in the Rive editor.

Return Value

A Rive.js stateMachineInput object.

Examples

This project uses Storybook to build examples and API documentation. Check it out at: https://rive-app.github.io/rive-react. To run locally, simply run npm run storybook.

Migration notes

Migrating from version 0.0.x to 1.x.x

Starting in v 1.0.0, we've migrated from wrapping around the @rive-app/canvas runtime (which uses the CanvasRendereringContext2D renderer) to the @rive-app/webgl runtime (which uses the WebGL renderer). The high-level API doesn't require any change to upgrade, but there are some notes to consider about the backing renderer.

The backing WebGL runtime allows for best performance across all devices, as well as support for some features that are not supported in the canvas renderer runtime. To allow the react runtime to support some of the newer features in Rive, we needed to switch the rive-react backing runtime to @rive-app/webgl.

One note about this switch is that some browsers may limit the number of concurrent WebGL contexts. For example, Chrome may only support up to 16 contexts concurrently. We pass a property called useOffscreenRenderer set to true to the backing runtime when instantiating Rive by default, which helps to manage the lifecycle of the canvas with a single offscreen WebGL context, even if there are many Rive animations on the screen (i.e 16+). If you need a single WebGL context per Rive animation/instance, pass in the useOffscreenRenderer property set to false in the useRive options, or as a prop in the default export component from this runtime. See below for an example:

const {rive, RiveComponent} = useRive({
  src: 'foo.riv',
}, {
  // Default (you don't need to set this)
  useOffscreenRenderer: true,
  // To override and use one context per Rive instance, uncomment and use the line below
  // useOffscreenRenderer: false,
});

// or you can override the flag in JSX via props
return (
  <Rive src="foo.riv" useOffscreenRenderer={false} />
);

Migrating from version 1.x.x to 2.x.x

Package split

In most cases, you may be able to migrate safely. We are mainly enabling the React runtime to work with both backing renderers @rive-app/webgl and @rive-app/canvas, such that you can use either @rive-app/react-canvas or @rive-app/react-webgl as the dependency in your React applications. Another change that is mostly internal is that by default, rive-react will now use @rive-app/canvas (as opposed to @rive-app/webgl) to wrap around, as it currently yields the fastest performance across devices. Therefore, we recommend installing @rive-app/react-canvas in your applicaions. However, if you need a WebGL backing renderer, you may want to use @rive-app/react-webgl.

Classes, styles, and component props

Starting in v2.0, we introduce one breaking change where any non-style props set on the RiveComponent (i.e aria-*, role, etc.) will be set on the inner <canvas> element. Previously, all extra props would be set onto the containing <div> element. Both the className and style props will continue to be set on the <div> element that wraps the canvas, as this dictates the sizing of the Rive component.

Migrating to 3.0

There are no breaking changes here. If you have migrated to v2.x.x, you can safely migrate to 3.0.